How To Plant Carpet Seeds In An Aquarium – Ultimate Beginners Guide

How To Plant Carpet Seeds In An Aquarium?

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Aquarium carpet seeds that eventually turn into plants are among the main elements. They create a smooth bottom and are captivating. The entire process of carpeting takes time however the end result is worth the effort.

Are you unsure of how to plant carpet seeds in an aquarium? If you’re a creative person or minimalist, trying to make a carpet from seeds in your aquarium is going to be an arduous but satisfying adventure.

Knowing how to plant carpet seeds in an aquarium isn’t far from impossible as many aquarists claim it to be. There is a good chance that you must first attempt to manage your tank and learn about basic aquatic plants.

Utilize this guide to equip yourself with a large amount of patience and you’ll be rewarded with a stunning, vibrant green tank lawn that very few artificial designs for aquascaping are able to replicate!

How can you create a carpet from seeds? This article will provide everything you should be aware of.

Can You Plant Carpet Seeds in an Established Aquarium?

Yes, you can grow carpet seeds in an established aquarium by choosing the type of seeds. You can then add carpet seeds under the soil then add gravel and sand and then add fertilizers. Make sure to add a suitable lighting source and keep the temperatures and levels of carbon dioxide within the aquarium.

How to Plant Carpet Seeds in an Established Aquarium? (Overview)

If you’re thinking of building an aquarium, you should plant your own carpet of seeds within it. Aquariums that are already made are available in the market, however, self-made seed carpets for the tank are great.

Aquarium carpet seeds are versatile in their application and create a similar ground to grass. The colors are vivid and attractive, making the entire tank look attractive. The brightness and the carbon dioxide presence make the grass vibrant and attractive. Droplets of water create an effervescent sound when they are stuck to the grass.

Because they grow in the bottom of your tank, they require plenty of light compared to other plants. Selecting a carpet plant for your aquarium can be difficult. Make sure you select the right seeds for your aquarium according to the source of nutrition and light sources.

Types of Carpet Seeds for an Aquarium

NameScientific nameOriginColorFeaturesThe rate of growthLight is required
Pellia MossMonosolenium tenerumEast AsiagreenThe oldest plants with vegetative tissues are rare, dark and more.mediumlow
Java MossTaxiphyllum BarbieriSoutheast AsiagreenIt is versatile, can float easily, and are ideal for fishing to spawn.Rapidlow
Carpet plants that are tinyCryptocoryne ParvaSri LankagreenNeed a lot of light, and grow under the shadeSlowHigh
Christmas MossVesicularia mountainiSoutheast Asia and AustraliaGreen with a hint of whiteIt is attractive and easy to kill.SlowMedium to high
Dwarf HairgrassEleocharis parvulaNorthern HemisphereGreenThey form pots, are fertile, and provide support for fine gravelModerateModerate to high
Dwarf water cloverMarsilea minutaAfrica and AsiaGreenThey can be grown underwater, can make good carpetsSlow to mediumHigh
Little star plantPogostemon helferiSoutheast AsiaGreenThey feature crinkled edges, and a compacted nature and create a smooth carpetModerateModerate to high

Name of The Best Kinds Of Aquarium Plants That Produce Carpets

Let’s start by identifying the most well-known aquarium plants that can create carpets.

The kinds of water plants which naturally produce the “carpet” effect are usually smaller and form an extremely dense structure when they are placed in clumps and grid-like patterns.

Here’s a listing of the best varieties of aquarium carpet plants that you can cultivate from seeds:

Growing hairgrass that is dwarf from seeds will result in an amazing aqua carpet. You must provide it with the proper conditions to grow, and you’ll be needing to trim it every two weeks.

When established, a hair grass-covered tank looks its best when it is trimmed and needs a continuous infusion of CO2 to maintain its stunning appearance.

Riccia also known as “crystalwort”, is a very different type of aquatic plant that produces carpets. It is able to be affixed to driftwood and rocks. It is possible to create a variety of designs for aquascaping through this ability.

It is also possible to remove the rocks altogether and instead include an additional mesh pad to hold the riccia onto. Make sure to fix the mesh with the fishing line.

  • Cuba (Hemianthus callitrichoides)

Cuba is a plant that grows at the surface of the tank in small round leaves. When you separate the clusters and push it to grow like wildfire and have a thick dense carpet of tanks in the process.

It is among the tiniest aquarium-friendly plants in the world.

Java Moss (also known as “Christmas moss” or “Willow moss”) is the most low-demand kind of aquarium plant seeds you can plant.

While not the usual carpet plant, java moss could create the effect of carpeted tanks with little effort. It is also able to be used as moss or algae, should you wish to play using it on other aquatic landscaping projects.

  • Glosso (Glossostigma elatinoides)

Glosso is among the most difficult aquarium plants to cultivate from seeds. However, if you’re willing and able to meet the non-negotiable requirements you’ll be amazed how simple it is to keep it in good condition.

Its tiny size makes it suitable for carpet aquarium bottoms and its needs typically revolve around getting enough gentle, light water as well as plenty of CO2.

How To Plant Carpet Seeds In An Aquarium?

How To Plant Carpet Seeds In An Established Aquarium
How To Plant Carpet Seeds In An Aquarium?

Method to grow carpet seeds in an established aquarium

Things that are required

  • Test Your Seeds
  • Use Soil
  • Plant the Seeds
  • Substrate
  • Add Moisture
  • Light source
  • Evaluation of Seeds
  • Transfer the Seedlings
  • Fill The Tank With Water
  • Wait for Maturity
  • A decorative material
  • Maintenance

If you’ve ever managed or set up a tank that was planted previously, you’re aware that growing aquatic plants in an aquarium is like painting the landscape. The elements must be placed in a consistent arrangement.

When it comes to aquascaping the plants that are shorter will be placed in an area in front. While those with higher heights are planted in the rear. All it is about the views!

There are two methods you can use for making carpet seeds:

  • Through sowing, your aquarium grows seeds inside a container that resembles the appearance of a seedbed before placing the seedlings in the tank. It is possible to proceed with the transfer after the roots of your seedlings have grown to an impressive length
  • In the process of planting carpet seeds in an aquarium substrate, directly into the tank in which you want to develop and maintain the carpet. Once the seedlings begin to grow (after usually 7 to 15 days) it is possible to reposition the seeds in a grid pattern and then wait for them to grow into a solid root. The next step is to fill the tank with water.

Let’s look at ways to begin to carpet seeds in a new tank:

1. Test Your Aquarium Carpet Plants’ Seeds

If you’ve purchased your seeds for your aquarium it is possible to do some trials and errors in order to discover a suitable seedling.

To save yourself the hassle (and cash! ) Try a test batch of seeds using the recommended kind of substrate for the species you wish to develop. You can do this in any place and not just in the tank.

In this stage, you will also find the amount of water that your carpet seeds require. While carpet plant seeds can grow in a non-watered way, however, you may come across a variety that needs a lot more water than other species of plants.

This phase of testing will cost you less, particularly when you’ve had a few unsuccessful attempts. The rich and nutritious substrate to grow carpet plants from seeds is going to cost you quite a bit.

2. Use Soil to Make a Balanced Surface

In this stage, you will need to apply soil to create an even and level surface. The color of the soil will depend on your preference and the color of the soil should differ from the seeds to allow for better recognition and spread.

It’s not necessary but you could utilize the same color soil and seeds throughout the process. Hands are used to spread the seeds and to balance the weight on the soil. It is important to ensure that the aquarium doesn’t contain water when you plant seeds. It can make the process very complicated, and so the planting of seeds becomes difficult.

3. Plant the Carpet Seeds in a Grid Pattern.

Make a few seeds with you and sprinkle the seeds over a moist and muddy substrate or soil, making sure to not cover them with dirt. Do your best to follow a grid pattern and try to avoid crowding seeds in one area.

Start at one side of the beach or your water tank. Start sprinkling, and then keep moving your hands, but do not leave a single spot within the sand.

Be sure to cover the sand since you are creating an artificial blanket of plant life. The ease of spreading is the main reason for this process. After spraying, look over the area thoroughly and If you see any gaps you can add more seeds to the area.

Do not create layers on the soil. put the seeds of the plant into the sandy soil in a thin, solid layer. Press the seeds into the bottom of the sand with fingers. Don’t overstress them or they may cross the sand which isn’t suitable in any situation.

Utilize the same sand you previously used. Sprinkle the soil around the seeds, in such a manner that completely covers the seeds. This will protect seeds from floating around in the water. The remains remain in the oil throughout the day.

Maintain the layer thin since it encourages the growth of seeds in plants faster. The thicker layers will not permit the growth of seeds from plants up to the level of plants. It is recommended to add the appropriate amounts of fish food to your aquarium.

4. Add Moisture and Provide Good Lighting While Waiting for Your Carpet Seeds to Germinate.

Let your carpet plant’s germinating seeds to plenty of light. Spray the seedlings with a spray of water every day. Be careful not to add so many gallons of water that puddles begin to appear.

Set up artificial lighting sources for the seeds in the fish tank.They’ll grow the best when in sunlight. Do not place them in direct light as they require shade to develop. The photons are emitted using the help of a light source or other source of electric light.

Make use of a spray bottle or bottle to spray water over the seeds. Repeat the process frequently for at least three days.

After a week, are likely to observe the seeds of your carpet plant have germinated and their roots are between 1 and 2 centimeters.

Maintain the temperature of the aquarium at a moderate level and in a balanced manner. It should be within room temperature if you keep the aquarium in the room where you live.

Keep the temperature of the tank of fish at 25 degrees Celsius. This will aid in the development that can be achieved by the carpet seeds, and it is among the most effective methods to accelerate the growth of your carpet. The heat limit will not harm the internal ecosystem of the tank.

Do not fill your aquarium with water right now!

5. Evaluate Whether You Can Move Forward With the Amount of Well-Rooted Seedlings You Have.

What do you know whether you’ve succeeded in cultivating seedlings from the aquarium carpet plant’s seeds?

Within 5-6 days, you’ll notice tiny green patches on around 10% of the surface that you have planted. Another sign of success is when at least 75 percent of your seeds have sprouted within 14 days of being planted.

6. Transfer the Seedlings to Their Final Position.

If your seed-germinating percentage looks good (above 75 percent) It’s time to shift your seedlings to the best location to maximize the expansion and spread in your aquatic carpet.

Make sure to use a gentle touch and/or aquascaping tools when you transplant your seedlings. Due to their size carpet plants are extremely fragile, and any type of damage can negatively affect the plant.

The best method of planting carpet seedlings is to spread them out and allow enough room to grow in a thick and well-groomed grid.

Being able to expand and spread out will increase the speed the carpet in your tank increases.

It will fill in quickly!

7. Fill the Tank Up With Water.

Your aquarium should be filled with five centimeters of water following the planting of the seedlings that germinated. Don’t add fish to it at once. Water facilitates the seeds to grow and then they transform into plants. A few aquarium plants can survive in brackish water.

Be patient and let the carpet rest in this amount of water for a while.

The low level of water allows you to observe how the plant is developing, and also will give the carpet plant seedlings an opportunity to grow the root structure.

Seedlings can be separated from the substrate during the initial filling phase. It is possible to employ your aquascaping tools to place them back in the substrate.

When your carpet has a complete root structure, it is time to refill your tank with fish and add them. Be careful not to introduce the species of fish that have eaters of plants at this point.

8. Wait for Your Carpet Plant to Reach Maturity.

Carpet plants in aquariums can sprout in between 7 and 15 days however, full growth can take several months, based on the carpet plant’s species.

It is possible to help your carpet plant achieve its maximum potential faster by creating the perfect tank conditions for its development. Proper light, carbon dioxide, and fertilizers are among the three top priorities.

9. Maintain Your Carpet Plants

You’ve reached this point you’ll feel emotionally involved in giving your carpet the highest level of maintenance. All for that beautiful and visually appealing green look!

How To Plant Carpet Seeds In An Aquarium?

How To Maintain Carpet Plants

Monitor the Tank’s Water Parameters

Monitor your carpet plants and watch for signs of growth (or the absence of it! ) as well as evidence of melting or browning.

The appearance of your carpet plant will let you know that you must alter the lighting or the water’s conditions.

Be sure to stick to these limits:

pH levelBetween 5-8pH for the majority of carpet plants.
Water hardness9-13dH for Riccia, Java Moss & Hairgrass4-8dH for Glosso1-20dH for Cuba
Temperature50-82degF – Hairgrass59-86degF – Riccia64-82degF – Cuba59-83degF – Java Moss59-78degF – Glosso

Trim Your Aquarium’s Lush Lawn

Make use of scissors or blades designed for cutting the higher-growing shrubs of plants. Create them to be smooth and aligned and give them a shape that resembles a carpet.

You must repeat this procedure each when the plant begins to grow beyond its limits. Remove the largest leaves and branches and then create an even surface that follows the substrate.

Cutting the carpet of your aquarium’s plants might be a bit counterintuitive however, a well-trimmed trim can stimulate the horizontal growth that you’re looking for. This will enable the carpet to develop as compactly as feasible.

Depending on the carpet plants and the rate of growth according to the species’ growth rate, you’ll have to trim your carpet at least every 10 to 14 days. Find a set of aquascaping tools and you’ll have a great time doing it. It’s a comfortable activity that you’ll are sure to enjoy!

If you decide to cultivate your carpet seedlings indoors in a tank, without the introduction of carbon dioxide into the tank, then you will not have to trim the carpet as frequently. Slower growth rates allow you to last for up to four weeks before you need to trim the carpet.

Water Circulation and Carbon Dioxide Regulation

After filling up the aquarium with water you need to make sure that it doesn’t have an extreme temperature. The temperature limit must be kept below 28 degrees Celsius. Maintain carbon dioxide at a lower level otherwise, the seeds will begin to disintegrate before the seeds can begin to grow.

Incorporate elements that help to improve the flow of water through your tank’s design if wish to keep the uniform and vibrant appearance of a healthy and healthy aqua-carpet.

The water must be circulated to lower parts of the tank to ensure proper circulation of carbon dioxide as well as nutrients.

Carpets will repay you for continuous expansion!

Consider Dosing/Fertilizing Your Tank’s Plant Carpet

Let’s get one thing out right from the beginning: carpets will thrive and grow in spite of no fertilizer.

Fertilizing and doing a fertilizer is an additional step that you can do to speed up the growth of your plants and roots. In the event that fertilizer supplements or liquid fertilizers can fit within your budget for aquascaping take advantage of it!

Do not apply liquid fertilizers within the initial five to six weeks in your carpet plant’s”seedlings” lifecycle.

In the event that you’re performing everything right, but you find yourself lacking growth, you may take to dosing.

Remember that excessive fertilizer could literally melt these small delicate plants.

Provide Sufficient Lighting

Make sure you give the carpet of your tank’s plants for an average of six hours per day of bright light, for a minimum of 3-4 weeks following the planting of seedlings.

Keep the tank bright from then on too.

Practice General Tank Hygiene

The common-sense rules for maintaining your aquarium apply to carpeted tanks as well as the periodic gravel cleaning sessions. Be careful not to rip up the carpet plant’s seeds!

Be sure to take away the carpet pieces that have been cut after each trimming. The trims will float on the surface, which means you can collect them using nets.

Inadvertently ignoring this step could result in a negative impact on the tanks’ water condition.

Do Not Overcrowd the Aquarium by Filling it With Plants or Fish

A tank that is overflowing with plants can keep your carpet in shade and could affect the health of your carpet and its development.

Pros And Cons Of Having A Carpet Plant In Your Aquarium

Let’s say that the pros are against it. cons of aquariums that have carpeted plants are entirely subjective!


  • The stunning design and aesthetics of the carpet of an aquarium plant

The vibrant green coloration and compact and dense structure will do wonders to your aquascape.

It is aesthetically pleasing and completely compensates for the effort that you invest in establishing an entire plant life from seedlings, through seedlings to a mature lush, lush lawn.

Making a carpet of plants from scratch to your tank also has some serious glory! This feat is among the few accomplishments that any aquarist will appreciate, beginner as well as expert.

It’s basically an underwater paradise in which nature’s beauty is displayed to the fullest. Include appropriate lighting and active fish and you’ll witness a beautiful display of water beauty unfolding every day!

  • Carpet plants are one of the few aquatic plants that you can cultivate from seeds

The majority of aquatic plants you can purchase on the internet do not usually come with seeds. They are propagated by cuttings and rhizomes.

  • The carpet of a plant can have a positive effect on the conditions of your tank’s water

Similar to most aquatic plants carpets of plants will help make the water more oxygenated and help in eliminating naturally Nitrates and phosphates.

  • A carpeted aquarium is the perfect quarantine tank

In their compact form, which is composed made up of fine and small aquatic plants, carpets of plants provide a wonderful habitat to raise egg-laying fish.

When spawning, the female is able to scatter her eggs across the entire tank’s bottom and let the eggs fall safely into the ideal spot to fertilize.

You can put up a breeding tank that has carpeted bottom. Be sure to alter the conditions of the water to allow to breed and spawn. The parent should be removed from the aquarium after mating.

A thick carpet of plants can give young shrimp and fish plenty of room to hide out and roam as they wait to be transferred.

Fish (baby fish! ) Fish from tropical waters and invertebrates bite your tank’s carpet.


The negatives aren’t really worth mentioning as they’re mostly connected to the plant/germinating process:

  • The species of fish that munch plants can uproot carpet plants.
  • The seeds of dead carpet plants (that did not germinate) could trigger an infection caused by fungal bacteria and can determine the growth of worms;
  • The process of trial and error making aquarium carpet plants from seeds is expensive.

What Kind Of Substrate/Soil Do do You Need To Grow Carpet Plants From Seeds?

Due to the size of carpet plants, seeds require a powder-like substrate and must be supplemented with a nutrient-rich substrate.

The most commonly used substrates for planted tanks can be too rough for carpet plant seedlings to hold onto. It’s impossible for seedlings will develop a sturdy and secure root system for these types of substrates.

Here’s how to choose which substrate you should choose to carpet your tank

  • Carpet plants are not the only aquatic plant species that can be found in an aquarium, then carpet plants are the only species of aquatic plant to be found.

Mix and mix and match between the powder substrate and the rich in nutrients substrate.

  • If carpet plants are in the tank, they will be surrounded by a range of other plants

Beware of using an amount that is greater than 50 percent fine powder substrate since it could cause root compression that negatively affects the growth and development of some aquatic plants.

Check out the table below for the kinds of substrates that you can make use of:

Powder SubstratesNutrient-Rich Substrates
ADA AmazoniaPower Sand Special
ADA AfricanaFlourite
Tahitian Moon SandCarbiSea Eco-Complete
Natural Moonlight Sand

Ideal Tank Conditions For Carpet Plants (pH, Water Temperature, Nutrition, etc.)

In addition to knowing how to grow carpet seeds in an aquarium, it is important to know how to keep the perfect conditions in your tank for your growing plants.

If you’re the first time cultivating an aqua plant from seeds, allow yourself ample space for errors. Monitoring and altering habitat and water circumstances can prove to be a challenging task even for the most knowledgeable aquarists.

Be patient, follow the right direction and patience will help you develop that magnificent vividly green carpet

Maintain this list of the best tank conditions in mind for future references:

  • pH is between 5-8 for carpet plant seeds
  • The hardness of water can vary dramatically (9-13dH to Riccia, Java Moss & Hairgrass 4-8dH for Glosso and 1-20dH in Cuba);
  • Nutrition – CarbiSea Eco-Complete, Flourite, Power Sand Special;
  • Carbon dioxide regulation is a CO2 regulator and CO2 diffuser and Cylinder.
Plant NameDifficultyLightingGrowth SpeedCarbon DioxideTemperature
Dwarf HairgrassMediumLowFast<14Mg/L50-82degF
Java MossEasyLowFast<14Mg/L59-83degF


Can Aquarium Plants Grow Without Soil?

There are numerous varieties in aquarium plant species that thrive without the need for aqua-substrates. They absorb the essential elements from the water column through their roots and prosper if well-nourished.

Can Moss be Used as Carpet for Aquarium?

To make use of the beautiful nature of Java moss the majority of aquarium owners plant it and make use of it as a rug or wall of moss. It can create a stunning environment in the tank and also provide an environment that is comfortable and natural for fish.

How do I Grow Carpet Moss in Aquarium?

Place a thin layer of Christmas Moss on the stainless steel mesh. Then, cover this layer of Christmas Moss with another stainless steel mesh in the same dimensions. Attach the two meshes by using a fishing line, or string. Put it on the Christmas Moss carpet in your aquarium.

How Long Do Carpet Seeds Require to Mature Into a Plant?

The seeds require a period of between 85 and 90 days to establish themselves within the tank. It’s a new place for the plants to flourish and expand. Growth also depends on the availability of all essential nutrients.

Do Fish Eat Carpet Seeds?

Fish are fond of eating the leaves of aquarium plants in the fish tank. A few of them get to the lower part of the tank and then they discover seeds that are appealing. As a result, they begin to eat the seeds regularly.
It’s not a must requirement for the cultivation and development of carpet seeds. It is crucial to prevent fish from your aquarium when you’re growing your carpet seeds.

Can the Carpet Seeds Grow Under the Gravel?

Some seeds from the java species are extremely adaptable to this kind of growth. They can be found on all types of soils and gravels.
The stones and other ornamental materials don’t limit their growth. They are able to grow quickly, and this is why trimming is important. Always trim them horizontally to aid in their growth as part of the carpet.

Do Carpet Seeds Need Carbon Dioxide?

They require carbon dioxide, however, only in small amounts. The pressured gas triggers the development of algae, which can be detrimental to the process. Make sure to keep it at a lower stage and check it as it germinates seeds.

How To Plant Carpet Seeds In An Aquarium? (Summary)

As you will see, there are numerous details involved in the process of planting carpet seeds in an aquarium. This guide will provide everything you need to be aware of.

See a successful endeavor to make a carpet of plants using seeds:

We hope this guide provided you with the information you need!


Dibyajyoti Bordoloi is the creator and author of, a third-generation experienced fish keeper and owner of a successful pet breeding farm. He is also a member of the Center for Wildlife Rehabilitation And Conservation (Assam), the Marine Aquarium Societies of North East India, and the Kaziranga Nature Conservancy of Assam.