How To Plant Water Wisteria? (Hygrophila Difformis – 2024)

Water wisteria or Hygrophila difformis are live plants for fish tank species that will cause you very little hassle. It’s undemanding and hardy, so it can tolerate a variety of conditions. It only needs small amounts of maintenance so it doesn’t take up much of your time.

Plants help your fish tank in so many ways, such as it provides shelter for fish and also keeping the water clean and oxygenated. Picking the right plant prevents problems down the road.

You can find it in most aquarium shops and you don’t have to buy many stems because it’s such an easy plant to propagate.

In addition, it provides your tank with bright green colors and can be grown as a carpet if you want it to be.

This article explains everything you need to know about how to plant Water Wisteria and care for this fish plant, such as ideal tank conditions, propagation, and much more.

Care Level:Easy
Growth Rate:Fast
Maximum Size:20 inches
Minimum Tank Size:10 gallons
Water Conditions:70-82°F, pH 6.5-7.5, KH 2-8
Lighting:Moderate to High
Propagation:Side Shoots/Cutting
Placement:Background or Carpet

Water Wisteria Overview

Water wisteria or Hydrophila Difformis belongs to a freshwater plant. It comes from the Acanthaceae family. It’s native to the Indian subcontinent, covering Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, and Nepal.

Like any other plant, water wisteria also provides various services for your fish tank. This works as a shelter or nursery for your fish and keeps the tank water cleaner.

As one of the hardier aquarium species, this plant is popular for both beginners and experts because of its ability to handle common fishkeeping mistakes.

It’s easy to propagate too which helps people to multiply their populations from a relatively small supply.

These plants have attractive green leaves that brighten up any tank, just watch out for fish that get carried away when nibbling on them for food.

Can water wisteria grow floating?

Can you let water wisteria float? Yes, it is possible to float the water wisteria. Floating is just one of the many ways you can employ to cultivate an aquarium with water wisteria.

If you’re having difficulty making your wisteria convert,try floating some stems in a place where they will collect additional light as well as CO2 near the surface of the water.

When they begin to grow an adequate amount of roots, you can attempt to plant them on the same substrate.

Hygrophila difformis or the water wisteria is a terribly hardy and easy-to-grow fish tank plant, that is incredibly well-liked among beginner as well as professional aquarists.

This plant is found in India and neighboring countries such as Thailand, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and parts of Malaysia.

It usually grows during the rainy season in shallow waters, however, in the home tank, it will grow all year round.

The water wisteria can either be found floating on the water’s surface or rooted, growing partially immersed in its natural habitat.

Uses for Water Wisteria Plant (Roots, Floating, Carpet, and More)

There are lots of different types of aquatic plants and they all have different uses. The classic image of a plant is one that’s rooted in the sediment with the stem growing upwards towards the surface, but this isn’t always the case.

Water wisteria can either be rooted in the sediment or spread across the substrate surface like a carpet.

The biggest difference between these is visual. Carpets form a thick green layer that brightens the bottom of the tank. If the stems are growing upwards they add colors and shapes to the middle levels of the water which tends to be emptier.

Another difference is the shelter that they offer. Since carpets are so low down they’re mostly home to bottom-dwelling fish like loaches, whereas plants that are higher up can be the shelter for mid-level fish.

Where you plant your water wisteria will depend on what you want to use it for.

The appearance of Water Wisteria Plant

Stems of water wisteria can reach a height of up to 20 inches and a width of around 10 inches. This means it covers a lot of the tank and might block out too much light if left uncontrolled.

The leaves are bright green, forming narrow protrusions along their length. They can take a few different forms, making them useful for scientists to study heterophylly (this is where leaves change their shape in response to environmental conditions).

The stem is slightly darker. It’s firm which helps to support the weight of the relatively large leaves.

Their thin white roots are buried beneath the substrate to anchor the plant in place.

Depending on how you plant it, this species can climb up to the surface of the water or spread across the bottom like a carpet (like Staurogyne repens).

Buying Water Wisteria

It’s important to find some strong specimens to buy, as they will have the best chance of survival.

There is something to watch out for before you purchase water wisteria. First of all, the roots should be long and abundant, otherwise, the plant won’t be able to hold itself up or gather many nutrients.

The plant should be standing upright and able to support its own weight. Drooping specimens at the bottom of the tank should be avoided.

Make sure the colors are bright and consistent. If there are areas of yellow or brown, then it’s usually an indicator of a plant in poor health.

It is not hard to find this species, it’s stocked in most aquarium stores because it’s so popular. They range in price depending on the amount and size of the plants you buy.

Expect to pay $5-10 for a good bunch. You don’t need to buy too much as you can propagate it over time at home (more on this later).

How to Care for Water Wisteria

Tank Conditions and Requirements

Water wisteria can be found throughout the world these days. In its native waters in India, this wisteria plant thrives in warm shallow waters where it has plenty of access to direct sunlight.

The roots bury themselves in the sandy substrates of these waters, which might be either slightly acidic or slightly alkaline.

Fortunately, these wild conditions are easy to recreate at home. Water wisteria is an undemanding species so can tolerate a range of different setups.

Firstly, you need the right size tank. This species can be kept in setups as small as 10 gallons.

Ideally, stems should be planted in a sandy substrate to mimic their natural conditions, but fine gravels are suitable too.

Water Wisteria Temperature

You’ll need to heat the water to between 70-82°F. Temperatures outside of this range will slow the rate of photosynthesis, potentially stopping plant growth.

Avoid extremes in pH. This species prefers neutral water values of 6.5-7.5. They prefer soft to moderately hard water as well (2-8 KH).

The rest of the tank is free for you to design. The only other thing that water wisteria will need is access to light, but most aquarium lights are fine for photosynthesis as long as you make sure the plants aren’t in shaded areas.

How To Plant Water Wisteria?

You need to think about how you’ve set up your tank when planting wisteria. It’s important to use the right substrate or they won’t be able to grow properly.

In a wild environment, water wisteria is rooted in sandy substrates. Therefore it is the ideal option for your fish tank.

Fine gravels are suitable too but avoid any larger grained substrates. The roots need to be able to easily move through the grains to firmly hold the pant in place and gather nutrients.

Plant your stems in areas where they have plenty of access to light for photosynthesis, otherwise, they won’t be able to grow.

Make sure that your plants aren’t kept too densely, or they will compete with each other. Start with just a few, spaced a couple of inches apart. You can propagate some stems later if you have extra space.

If you want the carpet effect, plant your stems on their side and root them in place. Only the leaves facing upwards will grow to create a carpet effect.

If you don’t want the carpet effect, you just have to plant the water wisteria roots in the substrate and leave the stems to grow towards the light like they normally would.

Care and Maintenance: How fast does water wisteria grow?

Water Wisteria Floating Plant Care In Aquarium Hygrophila Difformis

Water wisteria falls under the category of faster-growing species of plant. So the biggest issue you’ll face is keeping its growing size down.

This can easily be controlled by trimming the stems back down to the size you desire. If you freely let it grow very big then it will begin to crowd your other plant. Again it may block out light to the areas below.

When trimming, make sure to remove your wisteria cuttings from the tank or they will fall to the substrate and gradually grow into their own plant.

Since they grow so fast they use up more nutrients than other species, sometimes causing a nutrient deficiency.

You could try adding some nutrient supplements if you don’t think your plants are growing as well as they should. Watch that you’re not promoting excessive algae growth though.

Water Wisteria Propagation: How to Propagate Wisteria

The process of propagating wisteria is quite simple both in captivity and the wild.

Naturally, water wisteria would grow to a point where parts of the plant begin to fall off. These would then develop into new plants.

The process occurs in the same way in an aquarium, but you’re able to manipulate it a bit.

You can take wisteria cuttings and plant them where you like. This species grows fast so would quickly fill a paludarium.

Once you have a mature plant reaching full height, you can cut the top 5 inches or so from the stem. Plant these somewhere else in the substrate and they’ll start to grow roots and develop into their own plant.

Make sure the wisteria cutting you make has left so it can photosynthesize.

Compatibility and Water Wisteria Aquatic Plant Tank Mates

Water Wisteria Tank Mates: The Water Wisteria plant is best kept together with smaller fish, snails, or shrimp, that will not try to eat the plant.

You can keep it with other plant species, just be careful the tank isn’t too densely planted.

Consider the areas that your plants will grow into, making sure there’s little overlap. You don’t want them competing or some may die off.

Most fish can be introduced without any problems, but there are a few that should be kept separate. The leaves of water wisteria are ideal for nipping and some fish will take advantage of this.

Research fish before you add them to check if they eat plants. Goldfish, rainbow fish, and silver dollars are just a few examples that might destroy your plants.

Water wisteria is a hardy plant that can survive some nibbling but only to a certain extent. Most cichlids are usually fine, except for a few that might uproot the stems (like Oscars).

Other ideal tank mates include Bettas, Cherry Barbs, Corydoras Catfish, Danios, Dwarf Gourami, Guppies, Mollies, Rasboras, Swordtails, and Tetras.

Most, but not all, species of snail will tear through your plants when they get hungry. If your heart is set on adding snails then assassin snails are less likely to eat plants.

Shrimp is another option and shouldn’t impact your plants too much.

Is water wisteria a low-light plant?

Water Wisteria Lighting Rate: Moderate to High. The Water Wisteria floating plant is a small aquatic species and grows to a maximum height of mostly 20 inches and 10 inches wide.

Typically it grows up to a maximum of 20 inches high and 10 inches wide, however, it would be considerably smaller with lower lighting.


Is wisteria easy to grow in an aquarium?

Water wisteria (Hygrophila Difformis) is a popular aquarium plant due to its lacy leaves, vibrant green color, and its rapid growth. While the care requirements for this plant are simple, this species is extremely susceptible to melting and shedding its leaves once you buy this plant (similar to melty Cryptocoryne Plants).

Do you need co2 for water wisteria?

Water wisteria can be cultivated without adding CO2 compressed in your water tank. However, as with many plants, it grows more quickly in tanks that is containing CO2.

Do you need a substrate for water wisteria?

Water wisteria thrives on the right soil that is nutrient-rich and sandy. This is similar to the riverbeds on which it is naturally growing and allows it to develop the foundation for a healthy root system. If you can find a sandy substrate specifically designed to be a plant-friendly substrate, that would be great, but it’s not required.

Will fish eat water wisteria?

The majority of fish species can be found in tanks that are surrounded by water wisteria, but there are some that can nibble on the leaves. Fish to stay clear of in tanks that contain water wisteria are goldfish, which devour the leaves and pull out from the root of the plant. Silver dollars and rainbowfish.

What pH does wisteria need?

To bloom properly, wisteria requires full sunlight (six at least hours in direct sunshine every day) and deep moderately fertile, moist soil that is not drying out too much. They can adapt to a wide range of soil types, however, they favor a neutral or slightly acid pH range of 6.0-7.0 for the best results.

Conclusion: Is Water Wisteria Suitable for Your Aquarium?

There aren’t many tanks that this species can’t be added to. Water wisteria is a hardy species, so it can be added to lots of different setups.

Check that your water conditions are suitable and make sure that you don’t have any problematic fish that are likely to destroy the plant. These are the most common causes of the death of this plant.

The popularity of this species makes it cheap to buy. It’s one of the most accessible hardy wisteria aquarium plants in the fishkeeping industry.

Their fast growth rate means you can propagate stems quickly.

It will prove that it was value for money by helping to keep the tank clean, and solving problems before they arise.

The plant water wisteria is one of the most stunning aquarium plants to add to your fish tank!

Is the water wisteria fish plant one of your favorite wisteria aquarium plants? Have you tried using it as a floating carpet species? Let us know your experiences in the comments section given below…


Dibyajyoti Bordoloi is the creator and author of, a third-generation experienced fish keeper and owner of a successful pet breeding farm. He is also a member of the Center for Wildlife Rehabilitation And Conservation (Assam), the Marine Aquarium Societies of North East India, and the Kaziranga Nature Conservancy of Assam.